The Urban Heat Island effect increases temperatures in city centres, and this is set to worsen as temperatures rise. By 2050, extreme heatwaves are expected to happen every other year in the UK causing difficult living conditions across the country, but particularly in urban areas.
Bodies of water have a natural cooling effect through evaporation and provide resilience to the urban infrastructure. This makes urban areas next to waterways more pleasant spaces to live and work. Trees along the waterways also provide much needed shade for people and wildlife.