The Seven Wonders of the Waterways
School’s out and the sun is shining – for now at least. A trip to the canal and river network is a must this summer, whether by boat, on foot or by bike. And where better to go than one of the Seven Wonders of the Waterways?
… or all 7 if you have the time!
The original ‘seven wonders of the waterways’ list was compiled by Robert Aickman (co-founder of the Inland Waterways Association) some half a century ago. This list has been revised and added to over the years, but in this article we shall remain faithful to the original.
1. Pontcysyllte Aqueduct on the Llangollen Canal
Experience the thrilling feeling of being suspended in mid-air as you cross the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct by boat.
Thomas Telford and William Jessop’s awe-inspiring aqueduct is a Scheduled Ancient Monument; a Grade I Listed structure – and in June 2009 became a World Heritage site, putting it on an equal footing with the Great Barrier Reef and Statue of Liberty. The aqueduct, taking the Llangollen Canal over the beautiful River Dee valley, is 1000 feet long and 125 feet high. You can cross by boat or on foot – and although boaters have nothing but a sheer drop on one side of them, the towpath is mercifully protected by a set of railings.
2. Standedge Tunnel on the Huddersfield Narrow Canal
The longest, deepest, and highest canal tunnel in the country, Standedge Tunnel - on the Huddersfield Narrow Canal - is nearly three and a half miles long and took 16 years to build. At 196 metres (645 feet) above sea level, Standedge Tunnel burrows 194 metres (638 feet) underneath the Pennines.
The tunnel, undoubtedly the centrepiece of the canal, is essentially an underground warren which boaters can now pilot their own boats through. Visitors and walkers can also experience this feat of 19th Century engineering on a trip boat which runs from Standedge Tunnel and Visitor Centre.
3. Caen Hill Lock Flight on the Kennet & Avon Canal
This flight of 16 locks may be the most impressive anywhere on the UK's waterways and were engineer John Rennie's solution to climbing the very steep hill in Devizes.
The locks and ponds were the last stretch of the Kennet & Avon Canal to be built in 1810 and form part of a longer 29-lock flight at Devizes, all packed into just over two miles. They are designated as a Scheduled Ancient Monument – the same level of heritage protection given to Stonehenge.
Once you’ve successfully managed the climb (by boat or on foot) you can recuperate at the Caen Hill Café.
4. Barton Swing Aqueduct on the Bridgewater Canal
Originally this was the site of the first stone arch aqueduct over the River Irwell, built by James Brindley. However, when the River Irwell was canalised to make the Manchester Ship Canal ('Big Ditch'), the aqueduct had to be rebuilt to allow for larger boats to pass underneath. The solution by Sir Edward Leader Williams - unique on the waterways - was to build a swinging aqueduct.
Essentially, the aqueduct consists of a metal tank with doors at either end that is mounted on a central pillar. When required to open, the tank doors and doors to the canal at either end are closed, and then the whole tank, with 800 tons of water, pivots around the central point. The aqueduct can be seen operating daily, usually in late afternoon.
5. Anderton Boat Lift on the River Weaver and Trent & Mersey Canal
No description can adequately convey the sheer scale of this engineering feat.
The Anderton Boat Lift is an incredible edifice, perched on the banks of the River Weaver like some giant three-storey high iron spider. It was built by Edwin Clark in 1875 to lift cargo boats the 50 feet from the River Weaver to the Trent & Mersey Canal. Like all great things, the concept is simple: two huge water tanks, each with watertight sealable doors carry boats up and down.
From April to October you can enjoy boat trips through the lift and along the River Weaver Navigation.
An 18th century engineering masterpiece, these five locks operate as a 'staircase' flight - in which the lower gate of one lock forms the upper gate of the next. When completed in 1774, thousands gathered to watch the first boats make the 60 foot descent. Now, over 200 years later, the flight is still in daily use providing access to 16 miles of lock-free cruising on the Leeds & Liverpool Canal in the glorious scenery of the Yorkshire Dales.
7. Burnley Embankment also on the Leeds & Liverpool Canal
Known principally for its industrial past, Burnley is surrounded by some of the most beautiful countryside in England and is also home to one of the seven wonders of the waterways, Burnley Embankment. This mile-long stretch of embankment carries the Leeds & Liverpool Canal through the centre of the town, up to 60 feet above the buildings below.